In a recent decision, the Missouri Court of Appeals upheld the standard required for the Director of Revenue to prove in DWI cases involving an alleged refusal to submit to a breath test. The case was Ryan McPhail v. Director of Revenue (ED101307, from December 2014). The Appellant, McPhail, argued that the Director had not proved he refused to submit to a breath test under RSMo. 577.041.1. The Appellate Court agreed with him.
The facts were as follows. The police officer conducted a traffic stop after observing a vehicle swerving and hitting parked cars. The officer told the driver to get out and sit on the curb, and then told him to get his license and insurance. The officer claimed he noticed signs of impairment, like slurred speech and stumbling; he asked McPhail to perform sobriety tests and take a breath test, and McPhail allegedly refused. He was then arrested.